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Such an amendment has to be passed by majority of total members of each house of the Parliament as well as by two-thirds majority of the members present and voting there in.However, in addition to this process, some amendments must be approved by at least 50% of the states.It has been the matter of debate among the scholars that whether the constitution of India is completely federal or unitary in nature.

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The federal polity, in other words, provides a constitutional device for bringing unity in diversity and for the achievement of common national goals. A federal government exists when the powers of the government for a community are divided substantially according to a principle that there is a single independent authority for the whole area in respect of some matters and there are independent regional authorities for other matters, each set of authorities being co-ordinate to and subordinate to the others within its own sphere.

The Constitution of India has adopted federal features; though it does not, in fact, claim that it establishes a federation.

Supremacy of judiciary is another very important feature of a federal state where there is an independent judiciary to interpret the Constitution and to maintain its sanctity.

The Supreme Court of India has the original jurisdiction to settle disputes between the Union and the States.

The question whether the Indian Constitution could be called a federal constitution troubled the minds of the members of the Constituent Assembly.

This question cannot be answered without going into the meaning of federalism and the essential features that are evident in federal state.In a true federation such as that of United State of America every State irrespective of their size in terms of area or population it sends two representatives in the upper House i.e. In addition to all this, all important appointments such as the Chief Election Commissioner, the Comptroller and Auditor General are made by the Union Government. There is no provision for separate Constitutions for the states.The States cannot propose amendments to, the Constitution.But for the very clear picture of this conclusion first of all we have to know that what is the federal constitution and what is unitary constitution.What feature of Indian constitution makes it federal or what features makes it unitary.A unitary system is governed constitutionally as one single unit, with one constitutionally created legislature. A unitary state is a sovereign state governed as one single unit in which the central government is supreme and any administrative divisions (sub national units) exercise only powers that the central government chooses to delegate.

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